The city of Valencia is Spain’s 3rd largest city in terms of population (about 800,000 inhabitants). About 2 million tourists visit the city each year because of several iconic assets within the UNESCO World Heritage list. Among them, the Tribunal de las Aguas (Water Tribunal) is a thousand-year-old institution to resolve conflicts arising from the use of irrigation water between farmers. It is the oldest democratic institution in Europe.

Investigated climate extremes

Valencia is suffering from extreme droughts and heatwaves that challenge the municipal services and cause discomfort to inhabitants directly (e.g., population health). These events also have knock-on effects (e.g., water availability can affect its quality as well, heatwaves entail higher water consumption). The frequency and severity of these events is expected to be aggravated by climate change. Similar issues are experienced by many other cities in the Mediterranean region.

Main needs

  • To develop co-design approaches for the implementation of adaptation measures favouring their social acceptance.
  • To increase the awareness within the communities about weather-induced events by providing educational material.
  • To permit a higher involvement of communities in relation to risk identification and the management of associated protection measures.

Territories with related risks

Ogliastra, Italy

Schleswig-Holstein State, Germany

Val d’Aran Region, Spain

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Press releases / February 6, 2023

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